On 5th November, children all over Britain celebrate Guy Fawkes Night by building huge bonfires and lighting fireworks.
Who was Guy Fawkes?
Guy Fawkes (or "Guido" as he prefered to be called) led the Gunpowder plot in 1605. It was a conspiracy to kill King James I and his government.
He was found in the cellars under the Houses of Parliament on the night of 4th November with 36 barrels and a number of fuses. He and his group got ready to set off a massive explosion!
One of the conspirators, Francis Tresham, sent a letter to his friend who was a member in Parliament. Francis warned him to stay away on 5th November.
The King's supporters got hold of the letter and the plot was rumbled. Guards broke into the cellars where the gunpowder plotters were waiting. They were imprisoned and tortured.
Why did they do it?
England was a Protestant country and the plotters were Catholic. The group wanted to return England to the Catholic faith. They thought they could do this by killing King James I and his ministers.
Nowadays, Bonfire Night is celebrated all over the UK. They burn effigy of Guy Fawkes, dressed in the clothes of the 17th Century. The huge bonfires are used to cook baked potatoes, sausages, marshmallows...